Sunday, November 28, 2010

Reading and reporting about France in World Geo, pp 302 - 308

Taylor's in France
Originally uploaded by trudeau
1. Quick, if large, sketch: France and her 7 neighbors (include Britain). With color, labels and title.
2. 'Tis a hexagonal nation. Is America a parallelogram or a trapezoid?
3. Name the 3 bordering bodies of salt water and label them on your map.
4. Which 2 neighbors are reached by crossing mountains? Name the 2 ranges. Add them to the map.
5. The French are self-conscious - they have a strong national identity.
Which would you say has a stronger identity - Louisiana, Mississippi or Texas? Back your answer with a briefly stated example.
6. Compare the location of NYC to that of Paris.
7. The French believe that the best wines come from grapes grown in the richest soil. T / F
8. Compare Mt Blanc to Mt Whitney in 2 ways.
9. There are 2 names for the Mediterranean region of France - around Canne, Nice and St Tropez: the __ and the _ _ _ .
10. I would like to try a bowl of hot Marseille in a restaurant in the coastal city of Bouillabaisse. T / F
11. This river connects Switzerland, France, Germany and the Netherlands: __. Add it to your map.
12. The ancient Celtic peoples called the Gauls were defeated and civilized by the __ .
13. Charles the Major, aka the conqueror and king, is also known as __ .
14. As a wine merchant, would you have rather lived in France before or after 1789? Explain briefly.
15. A certain number of Frenchmen grow up speaking German. T / F
16. The nation's most famous museum: a) Tour Eiffel b) la Louvre
c) Palais de Trianon d) Arc de Triomphe.
17. When a country nationalizes a business, that means the government takes up the ownership and administration of that business. Ex: the US Postal Service.
Across the world, nationalized industries include airlines, train systems and banks.
What is the opposite action? That is, when the government transfers ownership of a business to the private sector. ____ .

Due Th/Fri. 5 pts.

Indie work: Make a Quiche Lorraine to be sampled by your classmates

Quiche Lorraine
Originally uploaded by Philosopher Queen
In French cuisine, a quiche is a baked dish that is based on a custard made from eggs and milk or cream in a pastry crust.

Other ingredients such as cooked chopped meat, vegetables, or cheese are often added to the egg mixture before the quiche is baked.

Quiche is generally an open pie (i.e. does not contain a pastry covering), but may include an arrangement of tomato slices or pastry off-cuts for a decorative finish. Quiche can be eaten warm but is more commonly eaten cold, making it a suitable component of the food served in a typical summer picnic.

Your teacher recommends that you make 2 (9 inch) quiche pies: 1 for your family and 1 to serve in class. Quiche is quick and easy; there are many recipes to choose from.

Bring a printed list of your ingredients, si'l vous plait.
10 pts.

One of man's most ancient sources of protein: escargots

Escargot is a dish of cooked land snails, usually served as an appetizer.

Escargot, is the French word for snail.

Snail shells have been found in archaeological Texas, an indication that snails have been eaten since prehistoric times [3][4]

The Romans, in particular, are known to have considered escargot as an elite food, as noted in the writings of Pliny.

In Western culture, typically the snails are removed from their shells, gutted, cooked (usually with garlic butter or chicken stock) and then poured back into the shells together with the butter and sauce for serving, often on a plate with several shell-sized depressions.

Additional ingredients may be added such as garlic, thyme, parsley and pine nuts. Special snail tongs (for holding the shell) and snail forks (for extracting the meat) are also normally provided. And French bread is useful in soaking up the sauce.

The French and advanced technology

Illustrate these notes in your notebook:

Top six technological achievements of the French -
1. Mirage jet sold to air forces across the world.
2. AIDS research considered outstanding (Two French scientists who discovered the AIDS virus and a German who found the virus that causes cervical cancer were awarded the 2008 Nobel prize for medicine or physiology on Monday).
3. Michelin, Peugot, Citroen, Renault: the French are strong in autos and tires. The word - automobile - is French.
4. Nuclear power plants, solar and hydroelectric power plants provides most French electricity.
5. Auguste and Louis Lumiere were pioneers in motion pictures in 1895.
6. High-speed train: the TGV.

Western Europe / France / Monuments of Paris project

Monuments of Paris project

Sketching the landmarks of Paris is one way of establishing this city in your mind and memory.

a) Sketch, color and label the Seine R, including the Ile de Paris ( an island in the river).
b) Sketch, color and cut out (with tabs) the 4 monuments (all to be completed in your notebook).
c) Glue the monuments' tabs to the page in the appropriate location.
d) Print 4 brief items of info next to each of the monuments.
e) Add a small, colorful map of France. Identify neighbors Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Spain.
e) Top the page with a snappy title and explanatory subtitle.

18 pts.
Deadline on Thurs/Fri.

I suggest these as the most significant monuments -

1. Le Tour Eiffel.
The Eiffel Tower (French: Tour Eiffel, [tuʀ ɛfɛl]) is a 19th century iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. The Eiffel Tower, which is the tallest building in Paris,[10] is the single most visited paid monument in the world; millions of people ascend it every year. Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as the entrance arch for the 1889 World's Fair.

The tower stands at 324 m (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-story building. It was the tallest structure in the world from its completion until 1930, when it was eclipsed by the Chrysler Building in New York City.

2. The Palais du Louvre
The Musée du Louvre is one of the world's largest museums, the most visited museum in the world, and a historic monument. It is a central landmark of Paris, France and is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement (district). Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 19th century are on exhibit.

The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre) which began as a fortress built in the late 12th century under Philip II. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1672, Louis XIV moved to the Palace of Versailles with his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection.[3] During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum, to display the nation's masterpieces.

3. Notre Dame de Paris
Notre Dame de Paris (in English: Our Lady of Paris), also known as Notre Dame Cathedral, is a Gothic, Roman Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité. It was built during the 1100's and 1200's.

Notre Dame de Paris was among the first buildings in the world to use the flying buttress (arched exterior supports). The building was not originally designed to include the flying buttresses around the choir and nave. After the construction began and the thinner walls (popularized in the Gothic style) grew ever higher, stress fractures began to occur as the walls pushed outward. In response, the cathedral's architects built supports around the outside walls, and later additions continued the pattern.

4. Arc de Triomphe
The Arc de Triomphe (built 1810 - 1840) is a monument in Paris that stands in the centre of the Place Charles de Gaulle, also known as the "Place de l'Étoile".[1] It is at the western end of the Champs-Élysées. The triumphal arch honors those who fought for France, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars.

It is the second largest triumphal arch in existence.[2] Its design was inspired by the Roman Arch of Titus.

Friday, November 19, 2010

Nature trail hike on the perimeter of the Magnet campus

A teacher's point of view in regards the Magnet campus:

- North is the ridge which is the site for the VA Hospital and the Civil War era fortification called Fort Humbug. The cannons were bogus.

- West is the Stoner Hill neighborhood.

- East is the remains of the Bayou Pierre river bottom. Environmental advocate Jon Soul has identified the wooded area as a nature trail, historic trail (the site of pioneer Larkin Edwards' trading post, the first European site in the area) and educational resource. Montessori students have identified trees and shrubs on the trail as well as the birds that populate the area.

- South is the Coates Bluff/Olive St ridge. In this area is a historic cemetery - though one not maintained. The oak-covered hills and valleys constitute a hardwood bottomland.

- Adjacent to the tennis courts is a pottery class pit for firing pots in the Japanese, which is called Raku.

Thursday, November 18, 2010

Weather permitting, classes will take an instructional nature walk on Fri

Magnet geography
Originally uploaded by trudeau
Wear appropriate shoes, dear geography students, so that we can easily walk the entire campus tomorrow. There will be lessons at every intersection.

The overall theme will be the beauty of the outdoors. Hiking is a stress reliever and a positive step in your education.

Learning the map of the UK via symbols

Magnet geography: the UK
Originally uploaded by trudeau
Symbols may be effective learning tools, so allow me to suggest images that will connect with regions and the history of the UK.

- Northern Ireland: the HMS Titanic, which was built in the city of Belfast, N. Ireland.
- Ireland: The Guinness Book of World records - and a pint of black Guinness beer.
- Scotland: the green, cup, flag and driver used in a game of golf.
- England: the Rolls Royce, one of the great luxury cars.
- Wales: a British castle - built to control the rebellious Welsh forces.
- France: the helmet-wearing William of Normandy, aka Wm the Conqueror.
- Belgium: french fries; the Belgians and Dutch probably preceded the French in frying potato strips, says Wikipedia.
- Netherlands: a bicycle, because they are so widely used as daily transportation in Holland.
-Germany: the Volkswagen Beetle, a revolutionary little car created by Dr. Ferdinand Porsche at the request of German Chancellor Adolph Hitler.

- Roman Empire: a large building that suggests a Public Bathhouse.
Throughout the empire the Romans built baths as they did amphitheaters and fortresses.
- The Romans called England "Britannia." They called Ireland "Hibernia."
- Anglo-Saxons: for the Germanic tribes who were the first Celtic peoples of England I offer a giant oak tree, which was a typical spot for Druid-led worship of these pre-Christian peoples.
- Latin language: Roman numerals. Also, the quote from Julius Caesar: "Veni, vidi, vici." "I came, I saw, I conquered."
- Roman Catholic Church: a Gothic cathedral.
- William of Normandy: the Tower of London, built by him in 1066.
- British Empire: a globe, because the British controlled lands all across the world. It was said, "The sun never sets on the British Empire."

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

The Yankee states and the Big Apple test / Trudeau

Originally uploaded by trudeau
The Yankee states and the Big Apple / Trudeau
All answers may be found in online notes, textbook and/or class notes and atlas.

1. One of these universities is not in the NE: a) Stanford b) Harvard c) NYU d) Dartmouth.
2. New England is a series of NE states that include a) Vermont, New Hampshire, New Jersey b) Rhode Is, Connecticut, Delaware c) Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York d) Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Is.
3. At Mondotrudeau we see that the birthplace of the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution and the Continental Congress was a) Philadelphia
b) New York City c) Boston d) Washington, DC.
4. The megalopolis of the NE comprises a) Washington, DC, to Boston b) Florida to Maine c) Baltimore through Philadelphia to New York City
5. "That clam chowder is buttery and sweet! I just have to say 'PNVNM!'"
a) Geico ad b) pneumonic c) PA to ME d) He must be from Boston because he likes bland seafood!
6. "The stainless steel cladding is ribbed and riveted in a radiating sunburst pattern with many triangular vaulted windows." a) World Trade Center b) Chrysler Bldg.
c) Empire State Bldg. d) Rockefeller Center.
7. Lies between Queens and Connecticut: a) Long Is. Sound b) East R.
c) Hudson R. d) NY harbor.
8. The run-down Manhattan neighborhood in which many poor immigrants (notably East European Jews, Italians and Chinese) got their start is the a) Upper West Side b) the Midtown area
c) the Lower East Side d) SoHo.
9. Four of the boroughs are located on islands. Name the two that share space on one island. a) Bronx, Queens
b) Brooklyn, Queens c) Queens, Long Island d) Brooklyn, Long Island.
10. In NY harbor are famous islands such as Liberty Island, Governor's Island and one small island which was a center for immigration: a) Ellis Is. b) Rikers Is. c) Hudson Is. d) Roosevelt Is.
11. The European explorer given credit for first examining NY harbor was a) Peter Minuit b) Giovanni Verrazzano c) Henry Hudson d) Duke of York.
12. The earliest site of European settlement in NYC is at the __ tip of Manhattan. a) Southern b) Northern c) Eastern d) Western.
13. Influential, wealthy part of Manhattan: a) Upper East Side b) Lower East Side c) Little Italy
d) Harlem.
14. The Erie Canal connects Lake Ontario, near Buffalo, to Albany, which is on the Hudson R. T / F
15. The Erie Canal created a connection to the Atlantic Ocean for only four of the Great lakes. T / F
16. The Erie Canal is associated with a) James Clinton Erie b) Tim Berners-Lee c) Henry Hudson d) DeWitt Clinton.
17. The triangular landmark in Mid-town Manhattan: a) Times Square b) Rockefeller Center c) Chrysler Bldg
d) United Nations HQ
18. Neighborhood northeast of Central Park: a) SoHo b) Harlem c) Upper West Side d) Chinatown.
19. Not an island in NY harbor: a) Ellis b) Liberty c) Staten d) Coney.

Small group tutoring - Writer's Workshop on Thurs after school

Hollie Horton, Shreveport
Originally uploaded by trudeau
Need more points?

Would you benefit from a bit of individual attention to your writing?

Writer's Workshop is an after-school session - on Thursdays - in which student and teacher work together to decide upon a writing topic. Because it is a small group, your teacher gets to help you develop your technique and thinking as well as grammar and construction.

The student will see how many points were earned before leaving.

The session will be done PDQ: no more than 30 minutes!

More info:

Indie essays on England

Research and compare - acc to the class guidelines -

- Rolls Royce and Cadillac
- William of Normandy and Henry VIII
- Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria
- Beatles and Pink Floyd
- Rugby and Cricket

Norton Commando 850 / British motorcycles

British motorcycle companies
- Triumph
- Norton

British auto manufacturers
- Jaguar
- Rolls Royce
- Land Rover
- Lotus
- Mini (Morris Mini)
- Bentley
- Austin (Austin-Healey)
- MG
- Aston Martin

England was part of the Roman Empire; they called it Britannia

In the textbook, World Geography, we read - on pp 278-279 - about the Spread of the English Language.

In our outline I asked each student to sketch a symbol to accompany each of the following -

1. Roman Empire (Triumphal arch, the Roman god Janus, etc)

2. Latin language (Roman numerals, a monk-scholar)

3. Roman Catholic Church (a medieval cathedral from the text book)

4. Anglo-Saxons (tree around which they worshipped, hooded Druid)

5. William of Normandy (Tower of London, built by William)

6. The English language (portrait of Shakespeare, Globe Theater)

Map of principal cities -
- London
- Oxford
- Cambridge
- Liverpool
- Manchester
- Edinburgh, Scotland
- Dublin, Ireland

Iron & steam: the Industrial Revolution began in England

The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transport, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions starting in the United Kingdom, then subsequently spreading throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world.

The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in human history; almost every aspect of daily life was eventually influenced in some way.

Most notably, average income and population began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth. In the two centuries following 1800, the world's average per capita income increased over 10-fold, while the world's population increased over 6-fold.[2] In the words of Nobel Prize winning Robert E. Lucas, Jr., "For the first time in history, the living standards of the masses of ordinary people have begun to undergo sustained growth. ... Nothing remotely like this economic behavior has happened before."[3]

Starting in the later part of the 18th century there began a transition in parts of Great Britain's previously manual labour and draft-animal–based economy towards machine-based manufacturing. It started with the mechanization of the textile industries, the development of iron-making techniques and the increased use of refined coal.[4] Trade expansion was enabled by the introduction of canals, improved roads and railways.[5]

The introduction of steam power fuelled primarily by coal, wider utilisation of water wheels and powered machinery (mainly in textile manufacturing) underpinned the dramatic increases in production capacity.[6] The development of all-metal machine tools in the first two decades of the 19th century facilitated the manufacture of more production machines for manufacturing in other industries.

The effects spread throughout Western Europe and North America during the 19th century, eventually affecting most of the world, a process that continues as industrialisation. The impact of this change on society was enormous.[7]

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

The modern history of the United Kingdom, aka Great britain, aka England

Magnet geography: the UK
Originally uploaded by trudeau
The UK, says Wikipedia, has the world's sixth largest economy by nominal GDP and the sixth largest by purchasing power parity.

It was the world's first industrialised country[19] and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries,[20] but the economic and social cost of two world wars and the decline of its empire in the latter half of the 20th century diminished its leading role in global affairs.

The UK nevertheless remains a great power with leading economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state while its military expenditure ranks third or fourth in the world, depending on the method of calculation.[21]

The UK-led Industrial Revolution, in the late 1700's and early 1800's, transformed the country and fuelled the growing British Empire. During this time the UK, like other great powers, was involved in colonial exploitation, including the Atlantic slave trade, although with the passing of the Slave Trade Act in 1807 the UK took a leading role in combating the trade in slaves.[32]

After the defeat of France in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1792–1815), the UK emerged as the principal naval and economic power of the 19th century (with London the largest city in the world from about 1830 to 1930)[33] and remained a foremost power into the mid 20th century.[34]

Beside Russia, France and (after 1917) the USA, the British were one of the major powers opposing Germany and its allies in World War I (1914–18).[35]

The nation suffered an estimated two and a half million casualties and finished the war with a huge national debt.[36] After the war the United Kingdom received the League of Nations mandate over former German and Ottoman colonies and the British Empire had expanded to its greatest extent, covering a fifth of the world's land surface and a quarter of its population.[37]

The Great Depression (1929–32) broke out at a time when the UK was still far from having recovered from the effects of the war and led to hardship and political and social unrest.[38]

The United Kingdom was one of the three main Allies of World War II. Following the defeat of its European allies in the first year of the war, the United Kingdom continued the fight against Germany, which took form in these years with the Battle of Britain.

After the victory, the UK was one of the Big Three powers that met to plan the postwar world. The war left the United Kingdom financially damaged. However, Marshall Aid and loans taken from both the United States and Canada helped the UK on the road to recovery.[39]

Monday, November 15, 2010

NE states & Manhattan test next class

Lower Manhattan
Originally uploaded by trudeau
Open notes, blog-based mult-choice quiz.

The Thames, the Tower Bridge and the Tower of London / sketch Robert Trudeau

Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London, was constructed in 1066 by William the Conqueror, the victorious invader from Normandy, France.

The White Tower (in the center) was the royal residence for several centuries. It was also, beginning about 1100, a prison.

As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries, says Wikipedia.


Britain and neighbors, the Western European nations

Britain and neighbors
Originally uploaded by trudeau
On this map please commit to your knowledge -

- Ireland (Eire)
- Northern Ireland (UK)
- Scotland
- Wales
- England
- France
- Belgium
- Netherlands
- Germany
- Denmark

- North Sea (Nord Zee)
- Irish Sea
- Atlantic

Wednesday, November 10, 2010

West Side Story / Puerto Rico: US Possession connected to NYC

West Side Story is an American musical with plot and story based on William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.

Set in New York City in the mid-1950s, the musical explores the rivalry between two teenage street gangs of different ethnic backgrounds. The gangsters from Puerto Rico are taunted by a white working-class group.[1]. The young protagonist, Tony, falls in love with Maria, the sister of Bernardo, the leader of the Puerto Ricans. The dark theme, sophisticated music, extended dance scenes, and focus on social problems marked a turning point in American musical theatre.

Bernstein's score for the musical has become extremely popular; it includes "Something's Coming", "Maria", "America", "Somewhere", "Tonight", "Jet Song", "I Feel Pretty", "A Boy Like That", "One Hand, One Heart", "Gee, Officer Krupke" and "Cool".

Friday, November 05, 2010

NYC: the Erie Canal and the Broadway show, "Annie"

Magnet NYC
Originally uploaded by trudeau
The enormous risk of digging the Erie Canal (almost 400 miles of waterway) was undertaken by the leaders of NY, such as their governor, DeWitt Clinton. No one was sure that the canal would produce significant trade and wealth.

But it opened in 1825 and became a huge success.

The Erie Canal connected Lake Erie, at Buffalo, NY, to the Hudson River, at Albany.
Thus there was a way to ship goods from the Midwest to NY harbor.

The barge traffic in the late 1800's and early 1900's produced enormous amounts of trade.

"Annie" is the story of an orphan in NYC who is - eventually - adopted by a rich guy, Daddy Warbucks. In the process. the audience learns about NYC and the Great Depression.

Geography class uses these tunes -

* It's the Hard Knock Life — Annie & Orphans
* Tomorrow — Annie
* N.Y.C. — Warbucks, Grace, Annie, Star-to-Be, Chorus
* Easy Street — Rooster, Miss Hannigan, Lily
* You're Never Fully Dressed Without a Smile — Bert Healy, Boylan Sisters

What to know about NYC

Magnet NYC
Originally uploaded by trudeau
"Location, location, location!"
NYC's location has proven a remarkable one for becoming a center of trade and wealth.

Your responsibilities in regards NYC:

5 boroughs
- Man hat tan
- Brooklyn
- Bronx
- Queens
- Staten Is

NYC lies on 3 islands; name them!

Upon the island of Manhattan, named for the indigenous people -
- Central Park
- Times Square (a triangle)
- Empire State Bldg
- World Trade Center site

NY harbor -
- Ellis Is
- Liberty Is

Long Is.

New Jersey
Connec i cut

Hudson R
East R
Long Island Sound (bay)

Chrysler Bldg (near the Empire State Bldg)

Thursday, November 04, 2010

Historic Manhattan: the Chrysler Building, New York

The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue.

Standing at 1,047 ft, it was the world's tallest building for 11 months before it was surpassed by the Empire State Building in 1931.

The Chrysler Building is a classic example of Art Deco architecture and considered by many contemporary architects to be one of the finest buildings in New York City.

It was the headquarters of the Chrysler Corporation from 1930 until the mid 1950's, but although the building was built and designed specifically for the car manufacturer, the corporation didn't pay for the construction of it and never owned it, as Walter P. Chrysler decided to pay for it himself, so that his children could inherit it.[8]

The Chrysler Building is well renowned and recognized for its terraced crown. Composed of seven radiating terraced arches, Van Alen's design of the crown is a cruciform groin vault constructed into seven concentric members with transitioning setbacks, mounted up one behind each other.[34]

The stainless-steel cladding is ribbed and riveted in a radiating sunburst pattern with many triangular vaulted windows, transitioning into smaller segments of the seven narrow setbacks of the facade of the terraced crown. The entire crown is clad with silvery "Enduro KA-2" metal, an austenitic stainless steel developed in Germany by Krupp.

The gargoyles at the corners of the building are the Chrysler logo eagles.

Wednesday, November 03, 2010

Choices available in Indie essays

Follow Comparison essay guidelines.


- What one learns about NYC and the US when you enjoy "Annie" and "West Side Story"

- The research-based justifications for and against California's Proposition 19; the recent vote was 54% negative, 46% positive.

- The wealth generated by the Erie Canal - Hudson River connection versus the Mississippi valley connection to global trade.

Monday, November 01, 2010

Map quizzes: the twelve Midwest states followed by the eleven Northeast states

The Northeast states
Originally uploaded by trudeau
There are 12 states in the Midwest and 11 in the NE corridor.

Please commit the states - and sketch map thereupon - to memory. Next class there will be a sketch map quiz on the Midwest. The following class, the NE states.

Here's a mnemonic on the "Yankee" states.
- That clam chowder is delish! I have to say, "Mpnnvm!"
- "Ddncrm;" I missed the question about the Empire State!

The New England states plus Mid-Atlantic states - together called the NE - are the wealth-producing states of the US. Some 25% of the GNP is produced here, says Wikipedia.