Wednesday, December 15, 2010

Semester exam in Trudeau's world geography: re-cycled questions from the first semester quizzes

100 multiple-choice questions!

Answered on Scantron forms - bring a pencil to the exam!

Open notes, books, etc, and unlimited time!

All questions will be re-cycled from the quizzes posted on Mondotrudeau.
Many will be presented verbatim (word for word); some will be tweaked (changed in small ways).
That's the semester exam in this geography class.

Go to work on cutting and pasting the past quizzes - you will also find the answers to those questions.

> Semester exam study guide / geography / Trudeau
> 1. The name for the state of __ used by one of the tribes of the Caddo
> nation has come into widespread use. a) Louisiana b) Mississippi c)
> Texas d) Oklahoma
> 2. The home of the Caddo today: a) Louisiana b) Mississippi c) Texas d) Oklahoma
> 3. The first European explorer to visit the Caddo: a) Iberville b) DeSoto
> c) Bienville d) Nacogdoches.
> 4. Principal nations involved in colonization: a) France & Spain b)
> France & England c) Spain & England.
> 5. The Caddo were devastated by diseases brought by the colonials.
> Another word for devastated: a) damned b) defiled c) dislocated
> d) decimated.
> 6. Which group first invaded the Caddo lands? a) Osage b) US troops c)
> European colonists d) Choctaw.
> 7. Based on the sound and appearance of the word, the term Anglo must
> refer to the settlers from a) England b) Spain c) France d) Germany.
> 8. Was the date of the Louisiana Purchase before or after the US
> treaty with the Caddo? a) before b) after c) both.
> 9. One of Louisiana's neighbors was classified as a separate and
> foreign nation during the 1800s. That was a) Alabama b) Texas c)
> Arkansas d) Mississippi.
> Please see the reading on which these questions are based:
> 1. Texas 2. Oklahoma 3. DeSoto 4. France & Spain 5. decimated
> 6. Osage 7. England (see the ngl sound) 8. before 9. Texas
> 5 themes of geography . . .
> Location of the people? Manhattan
> Character of the place? Island at confluence of
> Interaction of people and the place?
> Movement of people, goods and ideas?
> Comparison of places: how are they similar and how different?
> - Identify the equator and prime meridian.
> - Sailors, pilots and the makers of GPS (Global Positioning System)
> devices are among those who depend on this grid system.
> - After explaining the coordinate system, have the student add a line
> of both latitude and longitude to your map.
> - Show your student the coordinates for Shreveport on the map: 32N, 94W.
> - Ask your student to place these major cities using only the coordinates.
> New York City: 40N, 74W
> Paris: 49N, 2E
> Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 23S, 43W
> Johannesburg, South Africa: 26S, 28E
> The Caddo in 4 States quiz -
> - concepts in social studies
> - using context to enrich your vocabulary
> 1. "Confederacy:" a) organized group b) rebels c) native Americans.
> 2. "cohesive tribe:" a) conflicted b) sticking together c) diminishing
> 3. Ozark Mountains: a) southern Arkansas b) northern Arkansas
> 4. Nacogdoches and Natchitoches were names that came from the: a) settlers
> b) native peoples c) we are not sure of the source.
> 5. This article implies that the Caddo consumed ___ protein. a) much b) little
> 6. "Kadohadacho" were tribal peoples also known as the a) Hasinai b)
> Natchitoches c) Caddo.
> 7. "Decimated" means a) measured b) destroyed c) aided by.
> 8. The Ohio Valley tribe that overpowered the Caddo: a) Iroquois b)
> Hasinai c) Osage.
> 9. In 1836, one year after the founding of Shreve Town, aka
> Shreveport, the Republic of __ proclaimed freedom from the vast nation
> of Mexico.
> a) Texas b) Oklahoma c) the United States.
> 10. T / F The name "Texas" comes from the Spanish language term for "friend."
> 11. "August" has a meaning beyond (see the title of this article) the
> name of the 8th month: a) high in status b) warm to hot c) small to
> medium-sized.
> 1.a2.b3.b4.b5.b6.c7.b8.c9.a10.f11.a
> Otzi is one of the most famous aboriginal people on the planet. Some
> 5000 years ago he died on a mountaintop in the Austrian Alps. Some 20
> years ago he was discovered in a frozen state where he had lain since
> 3000 BC.
> Please note, in regards the 5 Themes,

> 1. Shreveport's humid subtropical climate.
> 2. Tax incentives (rewards) for movie production in Shreveport.
> 3. The Gulf Coastal Plain includes Shreveport.
> 4. Shreveport's indigenous people were expelled around 1835.
> 5. Shreveport is some 300 miles north of New Orleans.
> 6. The Fant Parkway was built alongside the Red River in the 1970's.
> 7. People in the media sometime refer to this area as "S-B Land."
> 8. Hispanic people comprise (make up) about 2% of the population.
> 9. Eldorado and Sam's Town are casinos (casino means "house" in
> Italian) that were added to the Shreveport side of the Red River.
> 10. Water from the Red River can be purified for use as a municipal
> (having to do with a city) water supply.
> The S-B map:
> 1. Name the curving, NW to SE thoroughfare (area where things are moved). Red R.
> 2. Name the principal N-S conveyance (area where things are moved). Youree Dr & I-49.
> 3. Spt's downtown buildings are north of I-20. T/F T
> 4. Magnet is across the red from a major institution in Bossier:
> a) La Boardwalk b) Diamond Jacks / Isle of Capri Casino c) Barksdale
> Air Force Base. BAFB
> 5. I-20 is basically a highway that carries traffic a) East-West b)
> North-South c) NW - SE across the US. E-W
> On this map students will be able to sketch and identify -
> Red R.
> Teague Parkway (Bossier side)
> Fant Parkway
> Stoner Ave (E-W)
> Youree Dr (N-S)
> Olive St (E-W)
> Magnet / Valencia Park
> Henry Miller Shreve was the developer of the shape and style of the
> Mississippi River Steamboat, according to author and professor Gary
> Joiner.
> His design featured -
> - a wide, shallow draft hull -
> - 2 decks
> - boiler on main deck
> - improved engine
> The steamboat brought wealth to the Red River valley through increased
> trade. Imagine giant stacks of cotton bales on the front and rear
> decks of a steam boat.
> Shreve also enabled river traffic by clearing the Red of a log jam
> called the Great Raft. By one account the obstructions in the channel
> stretched from Shreveport to Baton Rouge.
> He developed a steam-powered work craft called a Snag Boat to fully
> leverage the clearing of the river of the masses of heavy trees and
> debris. The Snag Boat featured a split front hull topped with an
> armature, or frame, that enabled the men to better use a winch and
> pulley to extract heavy trees from the river sediment.
> Cave-ins of dirt and trees were the main elements of the log jam. The
> jam was so thick that islands developed in the main channel.
> Today Shreveport faces a transportation problem somewhat similar to
> that of the Great Raft. It is the air access problem due to the oddly
> high cost of flying in or out of Shreveport Regional Airport.
> We need a visionary in the mold of Henry Shreve to clear the
> obstructions in local air traffic. If we can find a way to lower
> ticket prices to a competitive level, this region will surely develop
> more wealth and comfort.
> Hydrologists
> 1. The Ozark Mountains: a) Northern Arkansas b) Southern Arkansas.
> 2. Before the 1700's there was quite a conflict between the a) Osage
> and the b) Iroquois. Which was the more powerful tribe?
> 3. The date of the Louisiana Purchase: a) 1783 b) 1803 c) 1835 d) 1836.
> 4. Which is sweeter, more succulent (juicy) and more aromatic
> (appealing aroma), the a) pimento, or cherry pepper, or the b) red
> bell pepper?
> 5. The Spaceship Earth project is an example of learning that we may term
> a) tactile b) holistic c) kinetic d) mnemonic.
> 6. With a population of 6.8 billion, most people on earth are
> competing to get an adequate supply of jobs, food, housing and __ . a)
> living space b) money
> c) ecosystem d) water.
> 7. One of these nations has a totalitarian government, one which has
> absolute power in regards people's lives. a) China b) India c) Asia d)
> Africa.
> 8. 40N, 74W: a) Beijing b) New York City c) Paris d) Chicago.
> 9. The most important item learned in the recent Mississippi Valley map quiz:
> a) 10 states b) tributaries c) memorization d) mnemonics.
> 10. A hydrologist might be a geologist. T / F
> 11. The Caddos, Celts, Zulu and Choctaw are indigenous peoples but the
> aborigines of Australia are not what we call indigenous. T / F
> 12. There is a great ocean current which flows around the peninsula of
> Florida and moves slowly north along the Atlantic coast. It is the: a)
> equatorial b) Canary c) North Atlantic d) Gulf Stream.
> 13. The devastating Katrina sequence seen in New Orleans in 2005: a)
> wind-rain-broken levees-flooding b) rain-broken levees-wind-flooding
> c) flooding-broken levees-wind-rain.
> 14. Relatively large Island which visibly separates the Caribbean from
> the Gulf of Mexico: a) Cuba b) Florida c) Venezuela d) Haiti.
> 1. Northern Ark.
> 2. The Iroquois; return to the Caddo history to see the explanation.
> 3. 1803
> 4. pimento
> 5. tactile
> 6. water
> 7. China
> 8. NYC
> 9. mnemonics
> 10. T
> 11. F
> 12. Gulf Stream
> 13. wind-rain-broken levees-flooding
> 14. Cuba
> The Rubric (required elements) that will guide Essay Writing in
> geography class includes:
> 1. Colorful opening. There are 3 recommended ways to create an
> interest-getting opening: a) use a quote b) ask a question c) write
> with vivid description.
> 2. Blend the topics continually in the paper. Do not write a block of
> material about one topic and then write a separate block about the
> other topic. Integrate the topics as you offer insight and evidence.
> 3) Use comparison terms:
> * different from,
> * the same,
> * Both,
> * similar to,
> * Neither, ... nor,
> * like X is (adjective),
> * ... than X is (adverb) than.
> * both, ...
> * either...or
> * likewise
> * similarly
> * although,
> * but neither...
> * nor
> * however
> * on the other hand
> 4. Specific examples must be used to support generalities. An example:
> generality - The Incredibles was an awesome movie. specific - The
> Incredibles appealed to me because the characters (especially the mom
> and the teen sister) were believable. They sounded like people I know.
> 5. Grammar counts.
> 6. Spelling, too. When in doubt, see a dictionary or ask me.
> 7. Punctuation is paramount. Again, ask me or your Grammar Check software.
> 8. Include documentation via "according to ...". This means include
> your source - from World Book to your little brother - in the body of
> your writing. Usually you place it at the end of the first or second
> sentence, says Grammar For Today.
> 9. Write a snappy title. Ways to make a title fun are to tweak a song
> or movie title or use alliteration. Also, write an explanatory
> subtitle. Example: "Dinkas are Incredibles;" "Many refugees from the
> Sudanese Dinka tribe have moved from poverty in east Africa to comfort
> in the US."
> 10. Finally, please don't put quotation marks around your title -
> unless you are quoting someone.
> Commonly used demographics include
> gender,
> race,
> age,
> income,
> disabilities,
> mobility (in terms of travel time to work or number of vehicles available),
> educational attainment,
> home ownership,
> employment status, and even
> location.
> Pratt Industries (USA), Inc. operates as a paper and packaging company
> in the United States and Australia. It also operates paper mills,
> recycling facilities, and sheet and box plants.
> In addition, the company offers corrugated products for durable and
> non-durable goods, including lighting, electronics, glass,
> telecommunications, automotive, pharmaceuticals, toys, sporting goods,
> wine and spirits, vegetables, fruits, pizza, poultry, meats, and fish.
> Pratt Industries operates some 50 plants in about 20 states in the US
> and Mexico. Founded in 1948 by Leon Pratt, grandfather of current
> chairman Anthony Pratt, the company is owned and controlled by
> Australian-based Pratt family investment vehicle Visy Industries.
> Geology -
> - N Amer Plate
> - S Amer Plate
> - African Plate
> - Eurasian Plate
> - Arabian Plate
> - Indo-Australian Plate
> - Earthquake Zones
> - Arrows indicating direction of tectonic forces
> - core (esp note nickel, molten)
> - mantle (esp see pliable, magma, thickness)
> - crust (see both thick and thin)
> - watery planet
> and add explanations for, from pp. 45 - 47:
> - Ring of Fire
> - subduction
> - spreading
> - converging
> - faulting
> A number of experts say that California is due for a large earthquake;
> likely a quake that would emanate from the San Andreas fault line,
> which runs under much of Southern California. During such an
> earthquake, waves would become trapped in the sediment underneath Los
> Angeles, causing 7.8-level tremors that could shake the area for up to
> two minutes, says the University of Southern California Daily Trojan.
> Tectonics
> 1. The process that enables the earth's plates to move: a) convection
> b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. (a)
> 2. The word for the circular process in which materials rise when
> heated and fall when cooled. a) convection b) subduction c) faulting
> d) spreading. (a)
> 3. The location of the heat which is thought to drive movement of the
> earth's plates: a) core b) mantle c) crust d) oceans. (c)
> 4. Which is lighter, the a) continental crust or the b) oceanic crust? (a)
> 5. When two plates of the same type meet: a) converging b) subduction
> c) faulting d) spreading. (a)
> 6. When two plates grind against each other: a) converging b)
> subduction c) faulting d) spreading. (c)
> 7. When two plates move in opposite directions: a) converging b)
> subduction c) faulting d) spreading. (c)
> 8. When a lighter and a heavier plate meet: a) converging b)
> subduction c) faulting d) spreading. (b)
> 9. The textbook says that "Human population is growing fastest along
> the Ring of Fire, the zone marked by volcanoes and earthquake
> regions." T / F (T)
> 10. The San Andreas Fault runs through the middle of Los Angeles but
> does not reach San Francisco. T / F (F)
> 11. A split in the earth's crust may be called a __ valley. a) rift b)
> pangaeaic c) fault d) volcanic . (a)
> 12. Current measurements indicate the age of the earth is about __
> years. a) 2.6 billion b) 3.6 billion c) 4.6 billion d) 5.6 billion (c)
> Sustainability is the capacity to endure, says Wikipedia.
> In ecology the word describes how biological systems remain diverse
> and productive over time. For humans it is the potential for long-term
> maintenance of well being, which in turn depends on the maintenance of
> the natural world and natural resources.[1]
> California & Silicon Valley
> 1) Napa Valley is associated with the art and science of making wine -
> something at which California excels. Wine-making is called a) vino
> b) vineyard c) viticulture d) vintners .
> 2) Birth of the Fender Telecaster and Precision bass: a) Los Angeles
> b) Sacramento c) Palo Alto d) San Diego.
> 3) Founded by a duo; functions as a triumvirate: a) Google b)
> Microsoft c) Apple d) US government.
> 4) Position of the island called Alcatraz relative to the Golden Gate:
> a) East b) West c) North c) South.
> 5) With Stanford University, Google and UC Berkeley in the region, the
> main industry of Silicon Valley is higher education. T / F
> 6) Pacific Rim location is an advantage for the Port of Los Angeles
> because cargo can come directly from __ to the US. a) India b) Britain
> c) Brazil d) China.
> 7) Affluent area: a) San Francisco b) Anaheim c) Oakland d) Malibu.
> 8) “We live in a litigious society.” In other words, a society that is
> a) entrepreneurial b) prone to spraining ligaments c) suit prone
> d) communications-minded.
> 9) Stanford students Sergey Brin and Larry Page collaborated on the
> creation of a) Yahoo b) Google c) Apple d) the Bill & Melinda Gates
> Foundation.
> 10) Los Angeles is found at about 34N latitude, 118W longitude. If you
> had a gigantic tunnel-machine capable of drilling through the core of
> the earth, you could start at LA and come out, on the other side of
> the globe, near Beijing. T / F
> 11) T / F Vietnam and Tibet border China.
> 12) Cheap labor and highly-educated workers are abundant in the
> nations of China and __. a) South Korea b) Somalia c) Britain.
> 13) The area to be known as Silicon Valley was initiated into the high
> tech world by a) the Navy Research center b) NASA’s aeronautics
> research c) a venture capital arrangement by a Stanford professor.
> 14) Not a part of Silicon Valley: a) Mountain View b) Cupertino c)
> Palo Alto d) Oakland.
> 15) The Pirates of the Caribbean movies made extensive use of
> computer-generated images (CGI). Based on our recent studies, we can
> assume much of the work for those movies was done in a) San Francisco
> b) Los Angeles c) San Diego d) New Orleans.
> 16) Hewlett-Packard, an early American high tech company, was founded
> in a) 1939 b) 1959 c) 1979.
> 17) In the 1970s and 1980s, ____'s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)
> played a pivotal role in object-oriented programming, graphical user
> interfaces (GUIs), Ethernet, PostScript, and laser printers.
> a) Apple b) IBM c) Xerox d) Microsoft.
> 18) The Sierra Nevada mountains are part of the Rocky Mountains. T / F
> 19) In California’s southeasternmost region is a large empty quarter.
> No mountains, no municipalities. That area must be a) the Mojave b)
> Death Valley c) Nevada d) San Joaquin Valley.
> 20) According to the Silicon Valley article in, the
> following organizations are headquartered there: eBay, Dreamworks
> Animation & TiVo. T / F
> California quiz answers
> 1. c) viticulture
> 2. d) Fullerton
> 3. a) Google
> 4. a) East
> 5. F
> 6. d) China
> 7. d) Malibu
> 8. c) suit prone
> 9. b) Google
> 10. T
> 11. F
> 12. a) South Korea
> 13. a) Navy research center
> 14. d) Oakland
> 15. a) San Francisco
> 16. a) 1939
> 17. c) Xerox
> 18. F
> 19. a) the Mojave
> 20. T
> Topics
> 1. Sierra Nevada range
> 2. Lake Tahoe
> 3. Yosemite Valley
> 4. Giant Sequoia / Redwoods
> 5. The Central Valley, aka The Valley
> 6. San Francisco Bay
> 7. Mojave Desert
> 8. Death Valley
> 9. San Diego
> 10. Los Angeles history
> 11. Los Angeles demographics / ethnic diversity
> 12. Los Angeles landmarks
> 13. Los Angeles economy
> 14. San Francisco history
> 15. San Francisco landmarks
> 16. Silicon Valley
> 17. Stanford University
> 18. Univ of Cal at Berkeley
> 19. Sacramento
> 20. San Andreas Fault
> 21. California ethnic demographics
> 22. California agriculture
> 23. Golden Gate Bridge
> 24. Colorado River
> 25. Mediterranean climate
> 26. Big Sur region
> 27. California State Route 1, aka the Coast Highway
> 28. Santa Barbara
> 29. Orange County
> 30. Marin County
> 31. Venice, Los Angeles
> 32. Hollywood
> 33. UCLA
> 34. Los Angeles / Long Beach Harbor
> More Tectonics
> 1. The adversary system is one in which governmental groups aid each
> other in getting their tasks completed. T / F
> 2. A person who is friendly and has a lot in common with you may be
> described as __ . a) patriarchal b) sympatico c) onomatopoeic d) muy
> bonita.
> 3. Pratt Industries is an awesome company that operates paper mills
> and recycling plants. Additionally, it manufactures commodities
> including "lighting, electronics, glass and communications." T / F
> 4. Tarshar, chief of the Caddo, had an ally (friend and supporter) in
> the 1835 negotiations with the US government. He was a) Larkin Edwards
> b) William B Stoner c) Henry Miller Shreve d) John Coates.
> 5. Watching the tracking info that shows the shipment of an Apple
> computer as it journeys on ship from Shanghai, China, to the port of
> Los Angeles. a) Ring of Fire b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading.
> 6. The mid-Atlantic ridge: a) converging b) subduction c) faulting d)
> spreading.
> 7. What is happening on the Western side of South America where the
> Nazca Plate is meeting the South American Plate: a) converging b)
> subduction c) faulting d) spreading.
> 8. These places are considered desirable despite the threat of
> earthquakes and volcanoes: Southern California, Japan and a European
> nation: a) England b) Italy c) Spain d) France.
> 9. What kind of crust might include anchovies (fish preserved in
> brine)? a) oceanic crust b) continental crust c) subductional crust d)
> Arabian crust.
> 10. Iron mixed with nickel: a) core b) crust c) mantle d) nucleus.
> 11. Includes solid and pliable material as well as magma. a) core b)
> crust c) mantle d) nucleus.
> 12. Similar in direction of movement to the Indo-Australian Plate: a)
> Eurasian plate b) African Plate c) Arabian Plate d) South American
> Plate.
> 13. The earth's plates move because of force generated by : a)
> subduction b) convection c) faulting d) spreading.
> 14. The textbook says, in effect, that human population is growing
> fastest around the Pacific Plate. T / F
> 15. The Tectonic Plate Boundaries Map, p. 43, demonstrates that
> earthquake zones are more common in the Northern Hemisphere as well as
> in the Western Hemisphere. T / F
> 16. The length of the San Andreas Fault is approximately a) 350 b) 550
> c) 750 d) 1,150 miles.
> 1. False. See WG (World Geography, a Global Prespective); an adversary
> is your opponent.
> 2. Sympatico. Class notes; MT (MondoTrudeau).
> 3. False. MT. And logic.
> 4. Larkin Edwards. MT.
> 5. Ring of Fire=the Pacific rim. None of the tectonic terms made sense.
> 6. Spreading. WG.
> 7. Subduction. WG.
> 8. Italy. WG.
> 9. Oceanic crust. For fun.
> 10. Core. WG.
> 11. Mantle. WG.
> 12. Arabian Plate. WG.
> 13. Convection. WG.
> 14. True. WG and MT.
> 15. False. Northern and Eastern Hemisphere. WG.
> 16. 750 miles. WG and MT.
> The Magnet mission that unites our energies each day:
> a) Be responsible.
> b) Be respectful.
> c) Seek excellence.
> John Muir (1838 – 1914) was one of the earliest mountain men of California.
> His activism helped to save the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park
> and other wilderness areas. The Sierra Club, which he founded, is now
> one of the most important conservation organizations in the United
> States.
> The world's richest Iranian is American technologist-philanthropist
> Pierre Omidyar.
> Please compare him to fellow-Silicon Valley mensch Steve Jobs.
> Omidyar founded eBay. Jobs founded Apple.
> Images generated by students and vocab notes from the map study:
> - sombre ro
> - poncho / serape / rebozo
> - Tex-Mex cooking, ex fajitas
> - chili pepper orognated here
> - vanilla bean origination
> - chocolatl is an Aztec word.
> - Aztec and Mayan pyramids.
> Strengths of both Aztec and Maya civilization:
> -calendars
> - astronomy
> - mathematics
> - architecture
> - cities
> - language and books
> - botanic medicine
> It is called Land of the Feathered Serpent; see the Aztec god
> Quetz,coatl. And see the long-tailed bird called the Quetzal.
> George Walton Lucas, Jr. (1944) is an American film producer,
> screenwriter, director and founder/chairman of Lucasfilm Ltd, says
> Wikipedia.
> He is best known for being the creator of the science fiction
> franchise Star Wars and joint creator of the archaeologist-adventurer
> character Indiana Jones. Today, Lucas is one of the American film
> industry's most financially successful independent
> directors/producers, with an estimated net worth of $3.25 billion as
> of 2010.[1]
> Skywalker Sound and Industrial Light & Magic, the sound and visual
> effects subdivisions of Lucasfilm, respectively, have become among the
> most respected firms in their fields. Lucasfilm Games, later renamed
> LucasArts, is well respected in the gaming industry.
> He lives in Marin County, north of San Francisco.
> Largely a repeat of WWI.
> French & British vs Germany (joined by Italy).
> - 1939 - 1945
> - US enters war as ally of GB in 1941.
> - Hitler's blitzkrieg ("lightning warfare") results in takeover of
> small nations such as Poland, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands, etc.
> - Successful German takeover of France.
> - Battle of Britain (1940) - German bombing of London and English
> cities in preparation for invasion by troops. Royal Air Force (RAF)
> proves equal to the attack by the Luftwaffe (German Air Force).
> Turning point of the war.
> - German invasion of Russia was unsuccessful. German control of
> Russian Black Sea oilfields was unsuccessful.
> - Germans depended on synthetic fuel - gasoline made from coal. In
> 1944 the bombing of those plants by US and British bombers crippled
> the German forces.
> - Invasion of US/British forces at Normandy, France, begins the
> displacement of Germany's forces in Western Europe.
> - War is concluded by the invasion of Germany by US/British forces in
> the west and by successful Russian troops which invaded Germany from
> the east.
> World geography notes on WWI
> - 1914 -1918
> - France (and Britian) vs Deutschland
> - new war technology included biplanes, modern machine guns, tanks and
> poison gas (mustard gas, chlorine, phosgene).
> - stalemate - little movement
> - trench warfare -
> - war of attrition - war of deliberate sacrifice or loss of troops to
> death in battle; the side with the largest number of combatants was
> expected to prevail.
> - huge casualties - some 16 million dead.
> US entered war in 1917.
> - delayed involvement in war due to large German-American immigrant
> population as well as Isolationist (non-involvement) spirit.
> - German immigrants largest group of European immigrants to US. Ex:
> town of Minden.
> Treaty of Versailles notable for leading to WWII.
> Deutschland / Swing Kids
> 1. The movie "Swing Kids" takes place in Hamburg.
> The story of the White Rose is a similar chronicle of young people who
> protested the Reich. Students who were in the White Rose were executed
> in 1945.
> The White Rose story took place in a) Hamburg b) Munich c) Berlin d) Amsterdam.
> 2. The capital of Germany is the city of a) Hamburg b) Munich c)
> Berlin d) Amsterdam.
> 3. The capital of the region of Bavaria is a) Hamburg b) Munich c)
> Berlin d) Amsterdam.
> 4. The dates of US involvement in WWII include declaring war against
> Germany in 1941, beginning the Invasion of Europe (D-Day) in 1944 and
> forcing - along with the Russians - the surrender of Germany in the
> year of a) 1944 b) 1945 c) 1946 d) 1947.
> 5. In the movie, the fate of Thomas Berger's father and Peter Muller's
> father was similar. T / F
> 6. The censorship and control of artistic materials on the part of the
> Nazis means that the regime was a) nationalistic b) socialistic c)
> totalitarian d) ethnocentric.
> 7. "It don't mean a thing if it ain't got that swing," was a theme of
> the swing kids. That line was from a song written by a) Benny Goodman
> b) Gene Krupa c) Django Reinhardt d) Duke Ellington.
> 8. The protagonist of the movie: a) Peter Muller b) Thomas Berger c)
> Arvid Hitmann d) Mr. Muller, Peter's father.
> 9. a) Verrator b) Jugend c) Achtung d) Verboten: Choose the German
> word that means "forbidden."
> 10. The short form of the name National Socialist German Worker's
> Party: a) Axis powers b) fascists c) Nazi d) socialists.
> 11. German Jew who escaped to the US in the 1930's: a) Karl Marx b)
> Albert Einstein c) Count Von Zeppelin d) Django Rheinhardt.
> 12. Lederhosen and the dirndl are traditional garb in the region
> around a) Munchen b) Frankfort c) Hamburg d) Berlin.
> 13. Which German word means "youth"? a) Jugend b) Juden c) Krieg d) Heine.
> 14. The Deutsch Mark has been replaced by the a) Euro b) Franc c) Pound d) USD.
> 15. a) BMW b) Audi c) Volkswagen d) Mercedes Benz e) Lexus f) Mini
> Cooper. Which of these auto companies is not German?
> 16. The attitude of the many German officers who murdered innocent
> Europeans: a) "We just play along. We get whatever we want." b) You've
> got to go along; make the best of things. We're not in charge." c) "I
> just wised up." d) "You must learn to steel yourself."
> 17. The swastika is a symbol for good fortune borrowed from a) Poland
> b) Gypsies c) India d) Turkey.
> 18. Germany did not control this nation during the 1940's: a) Denmark
> b) Norway c) Austria d) Russia.
> 19. The German word for "traitor:" a) Verrator b) Jugend c) Achtung d)
> Verboten.
> 20. The German word for "Watch out! or "Beware!:" a) Verrator b)
> Jugend c) Achtung d) Verboten.
> 1. b Munich 2. c Berlin 3. b Munich 4. b 1945 5. T 6. c
> totalitarian 7. d Duke Ellington 8. a Peter Muller 9. d
> Verboten! 10. c Nazi 11. b Einstein 12. a Munchen (Munich) 13.
> a jugend 14. a Euro
> 15. e Lexus 16. b "You've got to go along." 17. c India (and
> China) 18. d Russia 19. a verrator 20. c Achtung!
> Neighbors of the nation called Deutschland (9):
> Denmark
> Poland
> Czech Republic
> Austria
> Switzerland
> France
> Luxembourg
> Belgium
> Netherlands
> Bavarian Alps
> Rhine River
> Danube River
> Berlin
> Hamburg
> Frankfurt
> Munich
> Volkswagen
> Volks, "folks," or "people" and wagen, or ""auto"
> The "people's Car," 1934
> Dr Ferdinand Porsche, engineer / Adolph Hitler
> Cheap, fuel efficient, reliable, easy to repair.
> Sold in US and Canada in 1950's. Sales rose during the mid-1960's.
> Also German and notable -
> Porsche
> Mercedes Benz
> BMW (Bavarian Motor Works)
> Audi
> there are numerous additional German auto companies!
> Social Studies Book Experience / in-class set of novels
> Ray Bradbury's classic sci-fi novel, Fahrenheit 451 (the temperature
> at which book paper catches fire and burns).
> It is a cinematic story written in 1950 about life in the
> Twenty-fourth century.
> 1. Explain why Bradbury's opening is not boring. - active verbs
> 2. Themes - one theme is "change."
> 3. Trudeau's writing guidelines - active verbs. Quote 3 verbs in the
> opening pages that describe action. Leaping. Burning.
> 4. Finding definitions through context: "stolid." "solid"
> 5. Colors presented: yellow, orange, red, black.
> 6. Use of irony: quote a brief image that is ironic, inasmuch as the
> protagonist is burning books. Firemen burn books and houses.
> 7.Metaphor for books: "pigeons landing with open wings." .
> 8. "Singed." Explain. Edges have been burned.
> 9. What does a "Minstrel man" ordinarily do? Dance, sing, entertain.
> Often with a "black face" via makeup.
> 10. Why is the helmet described as more than "black"? Beetle-like. To
> emphasize the mystery and sense of evil.
> 11. Briefly describe the protagonist's acrobatic trick. Sliding down
> fire house pole by falling; catches himself at the last moment.
> 12. What device was described as having a "lubricated flue," "puff of
> warm air" and "Cream-tiled escalator." The fire house.
> 13. Keep a list of items that will fit the category of Modern
> Technology. Ex: wall-size TV's; Sea shells, or bluetooth ear buds,
> robot dog.
> 14. "air charged with a special calm: " Literal foreshadowing - of
> what sort of person? positive, good person.
> 15. Salamander: a fire-proof reptile in mythology. Explain the
> Phoenix. Reborn after being destroyed by fire.
> 16. Without moving, what does Clarisse do in regards Montag? Disturbs
> his thoughts and touches his heart.
> 17. Sensual writing: describe 2 smells. "kerosene is perfume to me."
> "fresh apricots and strawberries in the air"
> 18. What's ironic about the fireman's slogan? They burn and destroy
> rather than save.
> 19. "White blurs are houses." The speaker? Clarisse
> 20. "You think too many things." Speaker? Montag
> 21. "Two hundred-foot-long __s." billboards - so people can see them
> as they drive by at high speeds.
> 22. McClellans have been arrested twice. Why? For driving too slowly.
> For being a pedestrian. For oddness.
> 23. "But what do you Talk about?" Montag
> 24. "Sleep lozenge." Explain. Use of sleeping pills is common.
> 25. "Expert at lip reading." Are you pretty good at it? Mildred.
> Because she's often listening to music and seeing someone talk to her
> simultaneously.
> 26. "Do you agree to that, Helen?" "I sure do." Explain. The soap
> opera script draws Mildrd into the plot and action.
> 27. "Fourth wall-TV." Surround screens.
> 28. "You're not like the others." Clarisse to Montag.
> 29. "The dead beast, the living beast." The Mechanical Hound.
> 30. olfactory: sense of smell. proboscis: nose or snout. ballistics:
> science of projectile travel. trajectory: course of a speeding
> projectile.
> 31. "It doesn't like or dislike." Capt Beatty about the hound.
> 32. "Chemical balances and percentages are recorded in the master
> file." The hound.
> 33. "I'm anti-soical, they say." Clarisse, who likes a slower pace.
> 34. "We never ask questions, or at least, most don't." Sound familiar?
> Current day society.
> 35. "They name a lot of cars or clothes . . ." Superficial social talk.
> 36. Art as seen in museums has changed. How so? It is entirely abstract.
> 37. Vocab: proclivities: things you like to do.
> 38. "Once upon a time; what kind of talk is that?" The past seemed
> threatening in this new society.
> 39. "First fireman: Benjamin Franklin." Big lie.
> 40. "None of those books agree with each other." People are afraid of
> discussion, controversy and the work needed to make a compromise.
> 41. English heretic, 1555: "We shall light a candle as shall never be
> put out." Knowledge and truth are indelible.
> 42. Burnt by chemicals to a brittle straw." Like some people's hair today.
> 43. Dante, Swift, Marcus Aurelius. Classic writers.
> 44. "Photography. Then motion pictures." The banning of upsetting
> media took this path.
> 45. "Quadruple population." Over-population is a key to understanding
> this distorted world.
> 46. "Books cut shorter. Condensations." People had shortened attention
> spans. That is porbably true today.
> 47. "School shortened, discipline relaxed, philosophies, histories,
> languages dropped." To some degree, those are changes we've
> experienced in recent decades.
> 48. "Spelling gradually neglected; finally, ignored." The "slippery
> slope" toward a careless society.
> 49. "Empty the theaters save for clowns." Theaters no longer presented
> tragedies and documentaries.
> 50. "More sports for everyone, group spirit, fun and you don't have to
> think, eh?" Sports engage people so that they can avoid thinking about
> morals and mortality.
> 51. Who are the 'relatives' ('aunts,' 'uncles') who can be heard
> chatting in the Montag household? They are fictional performers. They
> are the soap opera characters who seem to be family to their
> listeners.
> 52. "Why learn anything save pressing buttons?" (Beatty) Does the
> advent of the computer and advanced software take us in this
> direction?
> Kind of like today: why memorize facts if you Google them at any time?
> There is, of course, still value in knowledge committed to memory.
> 53. "Don't step on the toes of the dog lovers, the cat lovers." (Beatty)
> Each special interest group is sensitive. Should each have their way
> when it comes to making their point of view into public policy?
> 54. "The bigger your market, Montag, the less you handle controversy." (Beatty)
> Controversy: must we always minimize it? Is a certain amount of
> controversy the mark of the society which can sustain a healthy
> dialogue?
> 55. "Magazines became a nice blend of tapioca." (Beatty)
> Nothing but niceness and sweetness in magazines. Tapioca is a bland,
> vanilla pudding.
> 56. "But the public, knowing what it wanted, let the ___ books
> survive. And the three-dimensional __ magazines, of course." (Beatty)
> Are these the bottom line publications of a modern society?
> 57. "It didn't come from the __ down. There was no (government)
> censorship to start with." (Beatty)
> Social tensions created a climate in which book banning was seen as a
> a good idea. The government flowed suit, moving to enforce the idea.
> 58. "Technology, __ __ and minority __ carried the trick." (Beatty)
> How we were able to function as a society yet ban most books.
> 59. "You are allowed to read __, the good old ____ or ___ journals." (Beatty)
> These books do not stimulate people to think deeply.
> 60. "With _____ graduating more runners, racers, tinkerers, instead of
> examiners, imaginative creators. . . " (Beatty's analysis)
> Schools have decided to help society remain peaceful and content by
> focusing on sports and mechanical activities. Sports began to be more
> highly valued than ideas and inventions.
> 61. "Not everyone born free and equal . . . but everyone Made equal.
> Then all are happy." (Beatty)
> A way to attain a peaceful society.
> 62. "A book is a loaded gun . . . who knows who might be the target of
> the well-read man?" (Beatty)
> Well-read men, it is assumed, might make the less well-read feel
> uncomfortable by comparison.
> 63. "Custodians of our peace of mind, the focus of our dread of being
> inferior." (Beatty)
> Not letting anyone feel inferior becomes an obsession in this society.
> The book-burning 'firemen' keep everyone equal in their educational
> background.
> 64. "You must understand that our society is so vast that we can't
> have our minorities upset and stirred."
> (Beatty) Is it too much trouble for a nation to mediate between the
> various minority points of view?
> 65. Terminology in social studies: "A slippery slope argument states
> that a relatively small first step inevitably leads to a chain of
> related events culminating in some significant impact, much like an
> object given a small push over the edge of a slope sliding all the way
> to the bottom." Beatty's argument is based on the slippery slope
> concept. T / F
> Yes. Beatty says that once we banned certain kinds of literature, we
> could not stop banning materials.
> 66. When a segment of society is upset by a book, the answer to the
> conflict is to __ __ . (Beatty)
> There are many more answers to the problem of working through a controversy.
> 67. The Big Flue is symbolic of the excision of the ritual of the ____ .
> Death is scary and even embarrassing. Therefore it is almost entirely hidden.
> 68. "She didn't want to know How a thing was done, but Why. That can
> be embarrassing. You ask Why to a lot of things and you wind up very
> unhappy, indeed." (Beatty)
> The 'why' of doing things has to do with examine your philosophy. That
> is a higher level of thinking and leads to a difference of opinion.
> 69. How does a totalitarian government control thoughts that may lead
> to unrest and protest? Give the population __ information. (Again,
> Beatty)
> Keep the populace busy with "bread and circuses." That was part of the
> system of control developed during the Roman Empire.
> 70. "Police alert. Wanted: fugitive in the city. Has committed murder
> and crimes against the state." Media statement in regards finding
> Montag.
> This is similar to today's scene, in which a fugitive in a car might
> be seen by people watching TV cameras follow the wanted person online.