Monday, March 21, 2011

India, Hinduism, Taj Mahal & Gandhi Review

Bollywood Night, LSUS by trudeau
Bollywood Night, LSUS a photo by trudeau on Flickr.

1. The three principal gods of Hinduism are Brahma, Vishnu & Shiva . T
2. Many USAF bombing flights directed at Iraq and Afghanistan are launched from an island in the Indian Ocean called Diego Garcia. T
3. Gandhi’s life was lived on 3 continents: Asia, Europe & Africa. T
4. The Taj Mahal (TM) was built about the year 1650 by the Shah
Jahan, Mughal emperor of Northern India. T
5. It was built of white marble (stone) for Mumtaz Mahal, his
principal spouse.T
6. A building that is a tomb is called a mausoleum. T
7. The designers of the Taj were from the nations of Persia (Iran) & Turkey. T
8. There are three items of the Taj Mahal complex that identify the
Shah’s culture as islamic: the mosque, the towers called minarets and
the decorative designs on the walls, called arabesques. T
9. Aside from the decorated caskets of the emperor and his wife the
interior of the Taj Mahal is empty. True
10. In the final chapter of his life the Shah’s son made sure his
father was imprisoned. T
11. In their devotion to family, interest in planning and
architecture, and the extent of their power we can say that Shah Jahan and Gandhi were alike. False / Gandhi did not express an interest in architecture.
12. Gandhi and Shah Jahan lived about a) 300 years apart. a) 300 b) 500 c) 600 d) 800.
13. Hindus believe that man is contained in a nearly endless series of
____ called Samsara. a) rebirths b) conflicts c) religions d) yogas. A
14. Hinduism teaches that the soul never dies. The continuous process
of the soul’s rebirth is called reincarnation. T
15. The highest of the castes is the brahmin. True
16. Hindus believe that the bad actions of your life - or of your past
lives - may hamper you in this life. This is the law of karma. T
17. Caste is your social, job-oriented placement in life. T
18. Doing the work that Indian society sees as unclean is the
responsibility of the untouchable, or Shudra caste. T
19. The Hindu word for teacher or wise man is a) guru b) rupee c)
Sanskrit d) dharma. A
20. The word Om is the eternal word and is written by an Indian
character - in Sanskrit - that resembles the numeral 3. T
21. Hinduism is probably the world’s oldest living religion, according
to World Book. True
22. Hinduism is practiced by about a) 50 million b) 100 million c)
800 million people. C
23. Most Hindu worship takes place a) in the temples b) at home c) under a Bodhi tree. B
24. Gandhi led protests against two of the ways in which the British
took unfair profits from the people of India. He struck back at the
English sale of cloth or textile goods and at their tax and monopoly
on salt . T
25. 4 nations of Central Asia that were controlled by the British
during the empire: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, Afghanistan. T
26. In the Middle East the English exerted wide control. Nations they controlled included Iraq, Palestine, Kuwait, Yemen, Jordan.
27. British colonial properties in the Far East: Singapore, Hong Kong, New Guinea, Australia.
28. Two of the British colonial properties in the Caribbean: Bahamas,
Jamaica, Br. Virgin Is., Cayman Is..
29. The elephant-headed god of the Hindus: Ganesh.
30. Two religions of India with small numbers of adherents: Sikhs, Jains.

All statements true unless otherwise posted.