Tuesday, February 14, 2012

In Arabia: the Life of the prophet

Islam - devotion to God, or Al'lah and to the teachings of the Qu'ran.

Muslim - a person who adheres to the teachings of the Qu'ran / Koran.

Mecca - birthplace of the Prophet Muhammed; the holiest city of Islam.

Medina - city in which the prophet lived while in exilke from Mecca. Second holiest city to Sunni Muslims.

Moslem - same as Muslim despite the adjustment in spelling.

Jerusalem - third holiest city of Islam. Jeruslem is holy to 3 religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Thus Fri, Sat and Sun are each sabbaths in the city of Jerusalem.

Khadija, a widow fifteen years Muhammad's senior, later proposed marriage to him, which he agreed to. They lived together for almost a quarter of a century, says quaranicstudies.com, until the death of Khadija - about 8-9 years after the revelation of the Qur'an. Muhammad did not get married to any other woman during Khadija's life, despite the fact that polygamy was common practice in that society.

It was in a desert cave in 610 CE, i.e. at the age of forty, that Prophet Muhammad received from Allah the first verses of the Qur'an. The verses were delivered by the Archangel Gabriel. The Qur'an continued to be revealed in fragments to Prophet Muhammad over the following twenty two years. The last words of the Book were revealed to the Prophet shortly before his death in 632 CE.

Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib: Ali was also the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and ruled over the Islamic Caliphate from 656 to 661,[5] and was the first male convert to Islam.[6][7] Sunni Muslims consider Ali the fourth and final of the Rashidun (rightly guided Caliphs), while Shia Muslims regard Ali as the first Imam and consider him and his descendants the rightful successors to Muhammad, all of which are members of the Ahl al-Bayt, the household of Muhammad. This disagreement split the Ummah (Muslim community) into the Sunni and Shia branches.[1]

Abu Bakr was a senior companion and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death.[1] As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by the Prophet, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad's death according to Islam. He was called Al-Siddiq (The Truthful)[2] and was known by that title among later generations of Muslims.

Indie work -
Brief comparison essay on the biographies of Jesus of Nazareth and the Prophet Muhammed.

Quiz each class on movie notes. See questions below.