Thursday, May 01, 2008
Geocentrism, heliocentrism, Galileo and the Roman Catholic Church
geocentrism, the ancient position espoused by Greeks such as Ptolemy and embraced as dogma by the catholic church.
heliocentrism, the new idea - that the sun was the center of the solar system - from a few astronomers about 1600 CE.
heresy / a heretic - person who speaks against or refuses to submit to the orthodox way of thinking.
Inquisition - from wikipedia:
In 1542, Pope Paul III established the Congregation of the Holy Office of the Inquisition as a permanent congregation staffed with cardinals and other officials, whose task was to maintain and defend the integrity of the faith and to examine and proscribe errors and false doctrines;; it thus became the supervisory body of local Inquisitions. Arguably the most famous case tried by the Roman Inquisition was that of Galileo Galilei in 1633. Because of Rome's power over the Papal States, Roman Inquisition activity continued until the mid-1800s.
Galileo's bio -
- Pisa & Florence, in Tuscany
- physicist, mathematician, astronomer
- developed the telescope
patronage - the monetary support of an artist or institution from a wealthy source, usually a family or person.