Sunday, November 05, 2006
Week Nov 6 - 11: project on Indian studies due Thursday, Nov 10
* Caste system
* Taj Mahal
* British Raj (period of English control)
* Art (music, dance, sculpture, paintings, cuisine; choose one)
* Animals (tigers, cobras, mongoose, etc.; choose one)
You may present material on paper or powerpoint, as in this plan:
Page 1 - Image plus 3 - 4 basic facts, plus snappy title.
2 - Map; 3 items of explanation.
3 - Demographics graph; 3 items.
4 - Image; 3 details, bringing greater depth, if briefly.
5 - Comparison: image plus 3 items on both sides of comparison.
6 - Multiple choice quiz of 5 items. To be used as pre and post test. Plus answers.
* You must list sources on each page (2 pts each)
* Use color where applicable.
* Spelling, proper English construction; logical organization (5 pts).
* Neatness (3 pts).
Satyagraha and Gandhi's leadership in freeing India from the British
- Born to high caste family on Arabian Sea during peak of british control.
- Educated as attorney in London. Developed non-violent civil disobedience plan for conflict of India vs. Britain.
- Led mass movement for some 20 years in S. Africa and over 30 years in India. British gave India its independence in 1947.
- Born in Porbandor on Arabian Sea coast. Exposed to traders from Europe, Africa, Arabia, India. Gained knowledge of Islam and Chrsitianity.
- In South Africa developed political action agenda: non-violence & disobedience of unjust laws. Used Christian ethics, English law, the press, worldwide sympathy.
- Amritsar, the region of Punjab, site of the 1919 British massacre.
- Ahmedabad: Salt march protest (over 60,000 jailed).
- Mumbai: in the nearby city of Pune, Gandhi was imprisoned during WWII. Here his wife and secretary died. Some of Gandhi's ashes are here.
- India is a nation of almost one billion and it is growing fast enough so that it will soon become the world's most populous nation, surpassing China, says demographers.
- China has 1.3 billion but its growth is limited by the One family, One child policy adopted in 1980.
- The US has reached a new peak at 300,000. The chief reason for growth is immigration.
RMQRWA, Newsweek, The Economist.
Gandhi's impact -
- Despite decades of protest and thousands injured and dead in rioting and other protests, the British exited India only in 1947.
- His attempts to bring peace between Hindus and Muslims resulted in temporary periods of peace. The solution of partitioning Pakistan and Bangladesh from India to provide homes for Muslims was not an idea he favored.
- Gandhi wanted the untouchables to be given rights. In 1950 the Constitution of India outlawed untouchability and granted equal rights to all classes.
- Gandhi was a well-born, well-educated reformer and freedom leader.
- Abraham Lincoln was born poor, became an attorney at age 32, and won fame for his skill in leading the nation through a civil war.
- Gandhi was a Hindu vegetarian, well-read consistent in his creed of non-violence.
- Lincoln became a middle-class attorney known for his honesty who always opposed slavery but did not favor abolition.
- Gandhi won victories in the expulsion of the British (1947) and the outlawing of untouchability. His rights movement was emulated by MLK, Jr.
- Lincoln led the US in a long war against the secessionists (1861 - 1865). He felt he was fighting against the rebels for world democracy. In 1863 he issued the Emancipation proclamation, freeing slaves in Confederate states. It led to the 13th Amendment, 1865, which outlawed slavery.