Monday, November 26, 2007

Gandhi study guide for geography class

Gandhi Study Guide

"Do you fight to change things or do you fight to punish?"
"An eye for an eye only makes the whole world blind."
"If you are a minority of one, the truth is still the truth."
"Poverty is the worst form of violence."

1. The opening scene of the movie is a reenactment of Gandhi’s assassination. State 2 factors that make the murder a surprising one.
2. The next scene takes place in S. Africa when Gandhi was beginning his career as a barrister. What does his experience on the train say about British society?
3. When Gandhi meets with his colleagues in S. Africa he is shocked by the racism. What is Gandhi’s reaction?
4. During Gandhi’s first public meeting, he outlines his methods for fighting an unjust law. What is the outcome of his protest?
5. Gandhi meets a sympathetic English clergyman, and they walk through an impoverished and racist neighborhood. What book does Gandhi quote when they face a group of yahoos?
6. Life in the Gandhi ashram (a Hindi word for community) is an experiment. What is the great social taboo he believes must be changed?
7. The Christian minister gives a sermon which supports Gandhi and his social protest. What is the reaction of the amjority of attendees?
8. Compare the clothing of Gandhi to the dress of the other Indian leaders. What point was being made by Gandhi?
9. Describe the farming system established in India by British colonists.
10. Gandhi tells the American minister that he can do the most good by exiting the protest movement. Why did Gandhi push away this hard-working supporter?
11. Why does General Dyer massacre the gathering of Indian Sikhs in their non-violent meeting?
12. What are Gandhi’s 2 most important goals in building an independent India?
13. What is the purpose of Gandhi’s fast?

Identify the following with a brief phrase or sentence.
14. Kasturba “Ba” Gandhi
15. General Jan Christian Smuts
16. Pandit Nehru
17. Mohamed Ali Jinnah
18. Margaret Bourke-White
19. Sikh
20. Gita
21. British Empire
22. Ashram
23. Untouchables
24. Non-violent resistance
25. Indigo
26. Mahatma
27. Dharasana Salt Works
28. Pakistan
29. New Delhi, India, January 30, 1948
30. Why does the director choose to open the biography with Gandhi’s death?
31. What is sedition?
32. As India’s independence becomes imminent, the conflict among Indians increases. What is the cause of the conflict? How does Gandhi suggest resolving this conflict?

33. In the 1930’s millions of Indians were unemployed. How did Gandhi protest the system that idled the farmers?
34. When India gained its independence from Great Britain, who started fighting?
35. Why did British attempts to control India fail?
36. What lessons do you draw from Gandhi's life story?
37. Why did people follow Gandhi despite the difficulties in it?

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