Thursday, October 06, 2005

Graphic: the Refinery Process

Graphic: the Refinery Process
Originally uploaded by trudeau.
A refinery is a facility designed to convert crude oil into refined products, according to the Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS) within the U. S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.

Quick Facts:

The first refinery in the United States was built in 1876 near Pico Canyon, CA. The refinery boiled oil to produce kerosene, lubricants, and waxes. Gasoline was a by product that was discarded.
With the introduction of the gasoline powered automobile in 1892, gasoline was in demand.

Refineries in the United States in 2003 processed an average 15.3 million barrels of crude oil per day from which 8.5 million barrels of gasoline was produced.

Other by products of the refining process are jet fuel, kerosene, propane, diesel fuel, and home heating oil.

Refinery products are also used to make plastics, fertilizers, synthetic fibers, paint, and other everyday products.

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